• 土地是国有财产,是全民的财产,理应有全民共享。现在拿土地来赚老百姓的钱,说得过去吗? 2019-09-16
  • 11岁劫杀女司机 男子7年后自首:良心过不去 2019-09-13
  • 张雪迎搞笑配音“小猪佩奇” 与粉丝庆祝生日 2019-09-13
  • 【理上网来·喜迎十九大】十八大以来党内法规制度建设成效显著 2019-08-31
  • 数十年月球温度上升谜团解开:都是美国惹的祸 2019-08-27
  • 一男子当街抢劫 多名朝阳群众见义勇为 2019-08-27
  • 国家社会科学基金学术期刊资助管理办法 2019-07-28
  • 波音赞助GoFly设计大赛:10个载客无人机设计出炉 2019-07-28
  • 在红色传承中加速绿色崛起 2019-07-19
  • 新能源汽车纳入蚌埠市级政府集中采购目录 2019-07-19
  • 脸上长痘代表对应内脏有问题?专家:未发现相关性 2019-07-10
  • 20余支队参加笼式足球赛 2019-07-09
  • 西安地铁唐风诗韵文化专列将于6月18日首发 2019-07-09
  • 合肥经开区拆除一处违规驾校训练场地 2019-07-06
  • 专业态度决定培训质量职业技能升华就业品质——2014年重庆市人力资源开发培训中心职业技能培训类概览 2019-06-28



  • 当前位置:雄鹿队伤病球员 >> 厦大考研资讯>>考研英语阅读:《经济学人》读译参考TEXT 702

    考研英语阅读:《经济学人》读译参考TEXT 702

    来源:www.ynzzsm.net   作者:聚英厦大考研网  浏览:48  发布时间:2019/8/12

    雄鹿队伤病球员 www.ynzzsm.net 以下内容由聚英厦门大学考研网整理,更多最新厦大考研资讯欢迎扫一扫,关注聚英厦大考研网公众号平台:

    6369439084118892183425485.jpg

    聚英厦大考研网

    有疑问可以添加老师微信号:passxmu


    经济学人:女性和经济:市场支配力(1)

     

    Women and economics

    女性和经济

    Market power

    市场支配力

    图片1.png


    How the economics profession should fix its gender problem

    经济学专业应如何解决性别问题

     

    At the heart of economics is a belief in the virtues of open competition as a way of using the resources you have in the most efficient way you can. Thanks to the power of that insight, economists routinely tell politicians how to run public policy and business people how to run their firms. Yet when it comes to its own house, academic economics could do more to observe the standards it applies to the rest of the world. In particular, it recruits too few women. Also, many of those who do work in the profession say they are treated unfairly and that their talents are not fully realised. As a result, economics has fewer good ideas than it should and suffers from a skewed viewpoint. It is time for the dismal science to improve its dismal record on gender.

     

    译文

     

    经济学的核心是相信公开竞争的好处,即以最有效的方式利用所拥有的资源。由于这种洞察力的力量,经济学家经常告诉政客们如何管理公共政策,商业人士如何管理其公司。然而,就其自身而言,学术经济学可以做得更多,以遵守其适用于世界其它地区的标准。其结果是,经济学提供的好点子比本应提供的少,而且受到一种扭曲的观点的困扰。这门沉闷的科学是时候改善它在性别方面的沉闷记录了。

     

    For decades relatively few women have participated in stem subjects: science, technology, engineering and maths. Economics belongs in this list. In the United States women make up only one in seven full professors and one in three doctoral candidates. There has been too little improvement in the past 20 years. And a survey by the American Economics Association (AEA) this week shows that many women who do become academic economists are treated badly.

     

    译文

     

    几十年来,参与主要学科的女性相对较少,这些学科主要包括:科学、技术、工程和数学。经济学也位列其中。在美国,全职教授只有七分之一是女性,博士研究生只有三分之一是女性。过去二十年也鲜有提升。美国经济协会(AEA)本周的一项调查显示,许多成为学院派女性经济学家受到恶劣的对待。

     

    Only 20% of women who answered the AEA poll said that they are satisfied with the professional climate, compared with 40% of men. Some 48% of females said they have faced discrimination at work because of their sex, compared with 3% of male respondents. Writing about the survey results, Janet Yellen and Ben Bernanke, both former chairs of the Federal Reserve, and Olivier Blanchard, a former chief economist of the IMF, said that “many members of the profession have suffered harassment and discrimination during their careers, including both overt acts of abuse and more subtle forms of marginalisation.”

     

    译文

     

    在接受AEA调查的女性中,只有20%的人表示对目前的职业环境感到满意,而男性的这一比例为40%。约48%的女性表示,她们在工作中曾因性别而受到歧视,而男性受访者中这一比例仅为3%。美联储前主席珍妮特?耶伦和本?伯南克,以及国际货币基金组织前首席经济学家奥利维尔?布兰查德撰写了有关调查结果的文章,很多女性经济学家在其职业生涯中遭受骚扰和歧视,包括公开的虐待行为和更微妙的边缘化形式。

     

    注释

     

    1.suffer from (因疾病等糟糕的处境而)受苦
    He was eventually diagnosed as suffering fromterminal cancer.
    他最后被诊断为癌症晚期。


    以上内容由聚英厦大考研网整理发布,我们会为广大考生持续更新最新的考研资讯,欢迎大家继续关注!2021厦大考研交流群:610213509 赶快加入吧!里面有学长学姐免费答疑,还有大量考研真题资料每日更新和公共课程免费下载!更多考研实时资讯亦可添加老师微信passxmu


    复习效果极差?

    赶紧来找聚英厦大考研专业课辅导班老师吧....

    2020考研专业课精英计划全程班【一对一】

    学前测评,制定专属复习规划

    一对一全程辅导

    内部专享专业课辅导资料

    阶段性测评,班主任全程督学

    附送复试基础辅导

    有疑问,也可添加老师微信passxmu进行咨询

    聚英厦大考研网2018年真题解析班上线

    联系方式